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Komondor Information
Komondor

The Komondor is a livestock guardian dog breed originally from Hungary. The plural is Komondorok

Appearance

Females are 27 in/69 cm at the withers. Male Komondorok are a minimum of 28 inches at the withers, but many are over 30 inches tall, making this one of the larger common breeds of dog. The body is not overly coarse or heavy, however, and people unfamiliar with the breed are often surprised by how quick and agile the dogs are.

Coat

Its long, thick, uniquely and strikingly corded white coat (the heaviest amount of fur in the canine world) resembles dreadlocks or a mop. The puppy coat is soft and fluffy. However, the coat is wavy and tends to curl as the puppy matures. A fully mature coat is formed naturally from the soft undercoat and the coarser outer coat combining to form tassels, or cords. These cords are formed naturally as a result of the soft, wavy undercoat intertwining with the coarser outer coat. Some help is needed in separating the cords, so the dog does not turn into one large matted mess. The length of the cords increases with time, as the coat grows. Shedding is very minimal with this breed, contrary to what one might think (once cords are fully formed). The only substantial shedding occurs as a puppy before the dreadlocks fully form. The Komondor is born only with a white coat, unlike the similar-looking Puli, which is usually white or black, or sometimes grayish. However, a working Komondor's coat may be discolored by the elements, and may appear off-white if not washed regularly.

History

The origin of the Komondor is debated. Some believe the Komondorok were a dog of the Magyars (originally migrating from Siberia) and while others believe it to be a dog of the Sumerians (originally migrating from Mesopotamia). According to the most probable explanation, Komondorok were brought to Hungary by Cumans the turkic speaking nomad people moved settled in Hungary during the 12-13th century. The name "quman-dur" means "belonging to the Cumans" or "the dog of the Cumans," thus distinguishing it from a similar Hungarian sheepdog which breed later merged with the Komondor.

The unique dreadlock appearance gives a hint of common origin with the Puli and the Bergamasco. There might also be a link between the Komondor and the big, white Russian livestock dogs, the South Russian Ovtcharka. The dreadlock coat must have developed under a dry and extreme temperature climate as provides superb protection against cold but also hot weather while it is not too comfortable in wet weather.

The Komondor is built for livestock guarding. It is big, strong, and armored with a thick coat. The coat provides protection against wild animals and the weather and vegetation. The coat is the trademark of the breed.

The Komondor is a rare breed even inside its country of origin, Hungary. Many Komondorok were killed during World War II, and local stories say that this is due to the fact that when the Nazis (and then the Russians) invaded, before they could take over a farm or house with a resident Komondor they had to kill the dog.

 

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